Wednesday, April 4, 2012

April 2nd

Julius Buchwald (02-04-1909 - 09-08-1970) American composer

Julius Buchwald, 1930 [Wikimedia]

Julius Buchwald was born in Austria and migrated to Great Britain before WWII and to the USA afterwards. He composed about 3,000 two- and threemovers. He was also International Judge for composition. The collection "Selected Compositions of Julius Buchwald" was published by Mike Prcic in 2005.
Let's quote Dr S. Dowd from the USCF website:
He also composed music, having graduated from the Vienna Volkskonsortium. He supported himself first as a button-maker and then ran a store for philatelists in New York. You can find an mp3 of one of his songs at .

Among his remarkable achievements, one may quote his doubling of the Stocchi theme.

Buchwald, Julius
Die Schwalbe, 1928

#4 6 + 8

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Buchwald, Julius
BCF 038. Ty.
1st Prize

#3 10 + 10

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Julio César Infantozzi (02-04-1916 - 1991) Uruguayan composer

Infantozzi is best known for his #16 in which White sacrifices all his pieces except the pawn that finally gives mate. Here is another example of his fantasy:

Infantozzi, Julio César
Ajedrez Mágico, Dec 1970 (23/859)

h=5 3 + 4

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Theodor Siers (02-04-1910 - 06-11-1991) German composer and FIDE Master

Theodor Siers
[Kartothek L-Z page 43]

Siers was a moremover composer but also a theoretician who wrote many articles in Die Schwalbe as well as a book: "Rösselsprünge im Schachproblem" (1948). The Siers battery, named after him, was his specialty. The reader can discover an example in a threemover on Wikipedia's webpage. and other examples on the biography.
Godehard Murkisch wrote a book about Siers' works: "Rösselsprünge - Schachkompositionen und Schachaufsätze von Theodor Siers" (2002).

Siers, Theodor
Hamburger Schachgesellschaft, 1946
1st Prize

#4 9 + 12

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George Nelson Cheney (02-04-1837 - 21-07-1861) American composer

Readers may enjoy discovering G.N.Cheney's biography written by W. R. Henry for the first projected edition of "American Chess Nuts" : you can find it here. Cheney died in the first battle of Bull Run in 1861.

Cheney's favourite idea was shown in this twomover: White interferes his own unit(s) in order to prevent stalemate. 
From this idea derives the Cheney-Loyd theme: the piece A makes a critical move and the piece B of different colour goes to the critical square and interferes.

Cheney, George Nelson
American Chess-Nuts, 1868 (2-moves / 99)

#2 6 + 10

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