Saturday, April 28, 2012

April 28th

Zsigmond Schuster (28-04-1861 - 02-10-1910) Hungarian composer

The following classical 4-pieces threemover by this direct mate composer is a good challenge for solvers:

Schuster, Zsigmond
La Stratégie, Sep 1891 (3890)

#3 3 + 1

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György Páros [György Schlégl] (28-04-1910 - 17-12-1975) Hungarian composer and Grandmaster

György Páros

György Páros was also an International Judge but he is  renowned worldwide as a helpmates specialist. Of course he composed awarded direct mates.
He wrote "Csodák a sakktáblán" (Wonders on the chessboard, 1940) and "A sakkmművészet világa" (The world of chess composition, 1967) and two compilations of Soviet Chess Compositions for periods 1945-47 and 1968-1950.

One of his most famous h#3s is quoted on Wikipedia, so there is no need to remind it also here.

Páros, György
Magyar Sakkélet, 1951 (39)
1st-2nd Prize

h#2  b) bKe4->f4
 7 + 12

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Páros, György
Magyar Sakkszövetség, 1965
1st Prize

h#2 7 + 11

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A famous h#3: the problem seems easy to solve, because Black could play the series 1.Rf4 2.Rf7 3.Bg7 and White could then mate with 3...Kxb7#. But can this be kept if White must play 3 moves?

Páros, György
Magyar Sakkvilág, 1945

h#3 4 + 8

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One last h#3:

Páros, György
Z. Zilahi MT. 1971
1st Prize

h#3 8 + 6

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Aleksandar Popovski (28-04-1932 - 28-12-2023) Macedonian composer

Aleksandar Popovski
"Нови теми" (Novi Temi), 1982
[Thanks to Александр Никитин ]

Aleksandar Popovski
[Thanks to Bosko Miloseski]

Aleksandar Popovski is not only a direct mate and helpmate composer. As Marjan Kovacevic wrote on MatPlus Forum:
Popovski initiated the first thematic tournaments in the journal "Radio Skopje". Later on, a new wave of composers was attracted by his highly popular column in "Mlad Borec", where informal tourneys were added to thematic ones. His next steps were to establish chess problem magazines "Novi Temi", and, years later, the "Falanga".
The legacy of "father of Macedonian chess composition" was based on his exceptional working abilities and devotion, but also on his high position in the society. Aleksandar Popovski was a well-known writer of poetry and prose, editor, journalist and publisher in the world of literature.

Popovski, Aleksandar
Probleemblad, 1993

h#2 7 + 8

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Peter Polák (28-04-1962) Slovak composer

Peter Polák is a direct mate composer. Relax and enjoy the variations of this fourmover:

Polák, Peter
Pravda, 1977
2nd Prize

#4 7 + 14

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上田吉一 (28-04-1949) Japanese composer (Yoshikazu Ueda)

Yoshikazu Ueda at WCCC 2012 Kobe

Yoshikazu Ueda is primarily a tsume-shogi composer and came to chess composition quite naturally. In view of Ueda's achievements, in 1995 at the WCCC meeting in Turku (Finland) Tadashi Wakashima gave a lecture about his fellow-countryman’s problems. Later in 2007-2008 a two-part article entitled “A Wizard of Problem Composition – Yoshikazu Ueda” by Vlaicu Crişan was published in Mat Plus. And in 2012 Vlaicu Crişan and Eric Huber edited "Aurora - A Collection of 100 Chess Problems by Yoshikazu Ueda".

There are three main currents in Yoshikazu Ueda’s work: the long problems with systematic manoeuvres, the constructional problems and the ‘festivals of promotions’. We will show below examples from the first and third category.

Ueda, Yoshikazu
Mat Plus (36/1493) 2009
7th HM

h#39UltraSchachZwang 4 + 5 + 1
Locust: b3
Neutral Pao : h2

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Ueda, Yoshikazu
Problem Paradise 2005

ser-h#212 solutions 10 + 2
NightriderHopper: h8 ; 2,5-leaper: f7 ; Giraffe: a6; Locust: c6, e4 ; Grasshopper: b4 ; BishopHopper: a3 ; 2,4-leaper: g3 ; RookHopper: a1 ; Antelope : b1 Nonstop equihopper: e1

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Vladimir Jovićević-Jov (28-04-1947 - 11-09-2011) Serbian composer (Владимир ЈОВИЋЕВИЋ-ЈОВ)

Vladimir Jovićević
[Serbian Problemists]

Vladimir Jovićević composed mostly direct mates and helpmates.
More details about him and his career as a writer of aphorisms can be found on the Serbian Problemists website.

Jovićević, Vladimir
2nd Comm.
Mat Plus, 1994

#3 4 + 3

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