Saturday, April 21, 2012

April 22nd

Gyula R. Neukomm (22-04-1892 - 09-10-1957) Hungarian composer

 Gyula (Julius) Neukomm, 1930
Gyula (Julius) Neukomm composed helpmates, directmates and other genres as well. Together with Kovacs and Schor he wrote a dictionary about chess problem terminology "Feladvány Műszótár" (1926).
He was chief editor of the Hungarian magazine "Magyar Sakkvilag", president of PCCC from 1956 until his death and International Judge.
His problems were appreciated by solvers for their entertaining qualities:

Neukomm, Gyula R.
Hundertjahrfeier-Turnier des Ungarischen
1st Prize

#9 13 + 11

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Neukomm, Gyula R.
Magyar Sakkvilág, 1948

#10 8 + 8

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Neukomm, Gyula R.
Magyar Sakkvilág, 1945

h#4b) wKh6->h5
2 + 1

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François Michel (22-04-1903 - 20-03-1977) French composer

François Michel
[Thèmes 64 no.17/1960 page 258]

François Michel was a twomover composer (more than 700 problems). An article was dedicated to him in Thèmes 64 no.17/1960 pages 258-259.

Michel, François
FIDE Ty. 1957
2nd Prize

#2 v 11 + 8

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Zvi Hashavit (Heilbut) (22-04-1917 - 29-04-1981) Israeli composer

Zvi Hashavit was an International Judge.

Heilbut, Zvi
Probleemblad, 1958

#2 11 + 6

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Günther Jahn (22-04-1928 - 24-04-2007) German composer and FIDE Master

Günther Jahn was a chess player and solver who started composing and in 1968 stopped o.t.b play and focused on problem composition. He was specialized in hard-to-solve multimovers, which earned him the nickname of "Löser-Schreck" (the solvers' nightmare - see Die Schwalbe for more details).

Godehard Murkisch selected his best works in "Schachproblem-Komponist Günther Jahn - Ausgewählte Aufgaben" (2005).

Jahn, Günther
Die Schwalbe, 1979 (2793)
Special Prize

#10* 2 + 7

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Jahn, Günther
Sächsische Zeitung, 1994
1st Prize

#8 3 + 9

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Antonín König (22-04-1863 - 02-10-1911) Czech composer

Antonín König (with the walking stick in the left hand)

Antonín König is considered as the founder of the famous Bohemian School. For a few details about this chess composition school, see this short article by Gary Kevin Ware.
As WFCC states:
On January 4th 1869, the Czech (Bohemian at that time) magazine “Svetozor” published an article by Antonín König (1836-1911), a painter and the founder of the Bohemian school in chess composition. This article is known as one of the earliest sources considering chess composition as an independent form of Art.

König, Antonín
Světozor (2) 1870

#3 6 + 3

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König, Antonín
Světozor 1871
1st Prize

#3 8 + 6

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  1. Antonin König (22.4.1836 - 2.10.1911), founder of the famous Bohemian School, is not mentioned here.

  2. Vladimir Vladimirovich Nabokov, the famous Russian writer, born 22.04.1899, published several chess problems, and even a book titled "Poems and Problems".

    Some of Nabokov's problems can be seen here.

    1. For Vladimir Nabokov on this blog please read the April 23rd entry:

      Note about Nabokov's birthday: some sources give 22nd April, others 23rd April. Let's quote the International Vladimir Nabokov Society: he "was born on (or about) April 23rd."