Tuesday, August 21, 2012

August 22nd

Antonin Novotný (22-08-1827 - 09-03-1871) Austrian-Czech problemist

Antonin Novotný collaborated with the "Illustrierte Zeitung" and the "Wiener Schachzeitung" and was one of the most notable problemists of the 19th century.
He gave his name to the Novotny theme : a white unit is sacrificed on a square where two lines of action of two long-range black pieces meet and thus interferes both of them simultaneously.

Novotný, Antonin
Leipziger Illustrierte Zeitung, 1855

#3  7 + 8

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Max Petri (22-08-1888 - 06-05-1972) German composer

Max Petri composed direct mates such as the one below or this one, but also fairy problems (Maximummers, problems with fairy pieces).

Petri, Max
Schach-Echo, 1961
1st Prize

#3  8 + 11

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Andre Ferdinand Fossum (22-08-1899 - 16-01-1986) Norwegian composer and International Master

Andre Fossum was one of the greatest non-Czech specialists in the world for Bohemian problems. He composed almost 200 Bohemian threemovers.
He commented his own problems in "Sjakkoppgaver og studier" (1975).
He also composed studies. One of his studies is commented in Norwegian by Jarl H. Ulrichsen in his article published in Sjakkhuset [broken link]: "NORSK STUDIEKAVALKADE 1" (pg. 10-11).

Fossum, Andre Ferdinand
Allround-Turnier, 1952
1st Prize

#3  5 + 14

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Victor Cuciuc (22.08.1918 - 16.07.1989) Romanian composer

In 2009 Valeriu Petrovici and Dinu-Ioan Nicula published a booklet about Victor Cuciuc: "Problemistul Victor Cuciuc" (Buletin Problemistic). Let's quote the preface of this opus:
Victor Cuciuc was a versatile man of chess: a composer, arbiter and solver, he also played chess tourneys and correspondence tourneys. Born in Bessarabia (nowadays Republic of Moldova) he started chess in the late 1930s. He asserted himself in the field of direct mate problems, in which he obtained several titles of national champion in the 1950s until the 1970s. He was the promoter of a thematic idea he thus defined in 1951: "In the initial position, no piece is pinned; during play at least three black pieces are pinned and White gives mate using these pins."
After wandering through the country because of his profession of construction engineer, in the last part of his life he finally set home in the city of Braila, on the banks of the Danube. 

Cuciuc, Victor
Feenschach, 1971 (130)

5 + 7

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József Csengeri (22-08-1942) Serb composer

József Csengeri

József Csengeri composes direct moremovers and endgame studies. He is interested in Knight vs Bishop endgames. Among his endgame the analytical reader may be stimulated by this N vs B endgame or this other one.

Csengeri, József & Berta, Mátyás
Magyar Sakkvilág, 2009
2nd Prize

=  6 + 6

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Σπύρος Μπίκος (22-08-1911 - 23-09-1987) Greek composer (Spyros Bikos)

Spyros Bikos
[Thanks to Emmanuel Manolas]

Spyros Bikos was a pioneer of Greek composition. He left his name to a twomover theme, for whose definition we can refer to Emmanuel Manolas : "in one phase, in one variation a self-block is exploited and in another variation the moving piece is captured. In another phase, the same two defenses have reciprocal continuation ). For this theme a composition contest was organized in Holland, in 1948, having as judge the Hollander G. Seilberger."
Spyros Bikos was also the editor of the magazine "To Mat" between 1952 and 1964.

Bikos, Spyros
Probleemblad, 1948

#2*  10 + 9

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