Wednesday, May 9, 2012

May 9th

Jānis Bētiņš (Johann Behting) (09-05-1856 - 1946) Latvian composer

Johann Behting and his brother Carl composed studies. They were contemporaries of Troitzky and Rinck and their best studies are certainly of a similar level.
In 1930 Carl and Johann Behting published a brochure "Studien und Probleme". However, they seem not to have composed any work in collaboration.
An easy miniature to start with:

Bētiņš, Jānis
Deutsche Schachzeitung, 1889

#4  3 + 1

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Why don't we reproduce any study by Johann Behting? Simply because of the existing brochure by John Beasley about the Behting brothers which can be read on John Beasley's site (BESN special number 52) or here. You can find there detailed analysis about some of the Behtings' best studies.

Reinhard Cherubim (09-05-1906 - 19-04-1980) German composer

Cherubim, Reinhard
Deutsche Schachzeitung, 1974

#3 4 + 4

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Emil Gherman (09-05-1931) Romanian composer

Dr Emil Gherman had a difficult life during the Communist era in Romania. He is a helpmate composer and solver and Romanian readers may learn more about him from here.
One of his helpmate ideas was refined by M.M.Manolescu in 2001 and is still as pleasant to solve:

Manolescu, Mircea Mihai & Gherman, Emil
Buletin Problemistic 2000-2001 (3859)
2nd HM

h#2.53 solutions
4 + 2

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Михаил Афанасьевич Зинар (09-05-1951) Ukrainian composer (Mikhail Afanasievich Zinar)

Mikhail Zinar

Mikhail Zinar is renowned for his pawn studies and more details about him, including a selection of his problems, can be read in Russian in Sergey Tkachenko's great article.

Зинар, Михаил Афанасьевич
Шахматы в СССР 1981
1st Special Prize

+ 3 + 2

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A famous example of his promotions studies is this win study in which the try presents 4 Q-promotions and the solution 5 B-promotions.
Here is another one, where Black desperately tries to get stalemated:

Зинар, Михаил Афанасьевич
Шахматы в СССР 1983
Special Honorable Mention

+ 8 + 4

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Zdeněk Libiš (09-05-1954) Czech composer

Zdeněk Libiš

Zdeněk Libiš is a direct mate and selfmate composer.

Libiš, Zdeněk
Zemědělské noviny, 1973
1st Prize

#3 5 + 9

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Libiš, Zdeněk
Zemědělské noviny, 1995

s#4 5 + 2

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