Tuesday, September 25, 2012

September 26th

The Hong Oe (26-09-1895 - 21-02-1967) Indonesian composer

The Hong Oe was a known Indonesian composer who defeated A. Alekhine in a simultaneous game in 1933.

Oe, The Hong
Boletim da UBP, 1962

#4 10 + 6

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Antonio Piatesi (26-09-1903 - 30-11-1986) Italian composer and Honorary Master

Antonio Piatesi
[© Hannu Harkola]

Antonio Piatesi is the author of about 1500 problems in two or three moves.

Piatesi, Antonio
Problemas, 1957 (v)
1st Prize

#2 12 + 6

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Tivadar Kardos (26-09-1921 - 15-05-1998) Hungarian composer and FIDE Master

Tivadar Kardos

Tivadar Kardos was a specialist of helpmates and twomovers, especially miniatures. He was an International Judge.
Together with István Rágó, from 1969 to 1976 he published the paper "Feladványkedvelők Lapja" (Paper of the Friends of Chess Problems)
He wrote with Gabriel Authier "125 problèmes, et quelques autres du dernier demi-siecle: sélectionnés dans le genre blocus à mat ajoutés et changés" in 1956 and "275 problèmes d'échecs du genre mutate: en deux coups" also in collaboration with G. Authier and Roger Diot.
In 1983 Walter Fentze published the compilation "Tivadar Kardos: 200 ausgewählte Schachprobleme".

Kardos, Tivadar
Comité des sports de Budapest, 1956
1st Prize

h#7 2 + 4

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Kardos, Tivadar
Arbejder-Skak, 1959
1st Prize

s#2 13 + 12

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Stephan Eisert (26-09-1943) German composer and FIDE Master

Stephan Eisert is a direct movers and endgame studies composer. He often works with Dieter Kutzborski and is specialized in the strategic multimover.
In die Schwalbe 203, 2003 he wrote the article "100 Jahre das Indische Probleme" together with Hans Peter Rehm: the article can be read here.

Eisert, Stephan
Schach-Report, Jun 1990 (3798)
3rd Prize

#5 4 + 3

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Николай Николаевич Попков (26-09-1950) Russian composer (Nikolay Nikolayevich Popkov)

Nikolay Popkov
[Grigory Popov]

Nikolay Popkov is an endgame study and problem composer.

Попков, Николай Николаевич
Šachová skladba, 2007

h#5.52 solutions
8 + 10

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Marcos Maldonado Roland (26-09-1950) Brazilian composer

Marcos Roland

Marcos Roland composes helpmates.

Roland, Marcos Maldonado
Boletim da UBP, 1991

h#3 5 + 7

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David Gurgenidze (26-09-1953) Georgian composer and Grandmaster

David Gurgenidze

David Gurgenidze is a chess player, organizer, author and studies composer. He has written numerous books about chess studies and endgames.
He prefers composing Rook endgames and has often successfully developed ideas of composers from the past (such as the study quoted on Wikipedia.de inspired by N.D. Grigoriev).
He is also an International Judge for studies and was the World Champion of the WCCI 1998-2000 for studies.

Gurgenidse, Dawid
Akaki-150 JT, 1991
1st-2nd Prize

= 3 + 4

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One of Gurgenidze's best known studies:

Gurgenidse, Dawid
Šahs/Шахматы (Rīga) 1974
1st Prize

+ 8 + 8

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Walter William Jacobs (26-09-1914 - 11-02-1982) American composer

Walter Jacobs
[Source: ieeexplore]

Walter Jacobs was a mathematician, cryptologist, and statistician and you can read more about his career here or with even more details here.
He composed mainly direct-movers but also produced many helpmates, selfmates and fairy problems. He became problem editor of the Chess Review in 1935.
Alain White wrote about his talent as a chess composer in "A Sketchbook of American Chess Problematists" (Volume 2, pages 62-66).
In 1943 Jacobs co-authored with White "Variation Play", a study of Black mechanisms in twomovers.
His obituary by Norman McLeod was published in The Problemist, May 1982 (page 226-227). The Problemist issue can be found on the BCPS website.

Let's see a problem that was not quoted by McLeod or White:

Jacobs, Walter William
1st Friendship Match
3rd Place 1962-1964

#4 9 + 12

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André Chéron (26-09-1895 - 12-09-1980) French-Swiss composer and International Master

André Chéron

André Chéron]

André Chéron was a chess player who is nowadays best known for his work in the theory of endgames and for his written works.
In 1952 his "Nouveau traité d'échecs - la fin de partie" was published and included almost 700 more studies than the 1927 "Traité complet d'échecs". His masterwork was the 4-volume "Lehr und Handbuch der Endspiele", which contains 2336 studies (2nd edition: vol.1 - 1960, vol.2 - 1964, vol.3 - 1969 and vol.4 - 1970).
(Thanks to Alain Pallier for the correction!)
André Chéron also wrote about chess composition "Les Échecs artistiques" (1934).

He was one of the first five persons who received the title of International Master in chess composition. He was 3 times French chess champion and he also wrote books about bridge.

Chéron, André
Die Schwalbe, 1930
2nd Prize

#4  6 + 5

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Chéron, André
Národní listy, 1929
3rd Honorable Mention

+  5 + 6

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