Monday, June 11, 2012

June 9th

Mircea Mihai Manolescu (09-06-1938 - 13-03-2003) Romanian composer and FIDE Master

Vlaicu Crisan, Eric Huber and Mircea Manolescu, Wageningen 2001

Mircea Mihai Manolescu became International Judge in 1982, FIDE Master in composition in 1992, was the Romanian delegate at the PCCC, Romanian team captain at WCCT, co-editor and workforce at Buletin Problemistic, organizer of tourneys, etc.
In the course of almost 50 years he composed and published more than 300 problems of high quality, especially #2 and #3, but also #n, H#, S# and fairy problems.
His twomover awarded 1st Prize in Revista de Sah 1956 is a perfect Meredith example of changed play after black Grimshaw in three phases (Zagoruiko) 
You can also check this threemover or this one or this one.

The Manolescu theme was named after the following problem:
In at least two variations with the same threat the same black defence moves result in different mates.

Manolescu, Mircea Mihai
Romanian Championship, 1962
2nd-3rd Place

#3 13 + 12

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Сергій Олександрович Шедей (09-06-1940 - 26-11-2012) Ukrainian composer and International Master (Sergiy Oleksandr Shedey)

Sergiy Shedey, Poltava 2007

Sergiy Shedey was essentially a twomover composer.
The Shedey cycle is a cyclic theme of threats and mates for which one example is shown here by Juraj Lörinc and other examples here by Peter Gvozdják.
1.x (2.A#) a,b 2.B,C#
1.y (2.B#) a,b 2.C,A#

The complete Shedey cycle extends the Shedey cycle to three phases and one example is shown here by Juraj Lörinc and other examples here by Peter Gvozdják.
To the above phases, a 3rd phase is added:
1.x (2.A#) a,b 2.B,C#
1.y (2.B#) a,b 2.C,A#
1.z (2.C#) a,b 2.A,B#

For a 4-fold Shedey cycle, see examples on Juraj Lörinc's website.
Some more details about Shedey can be found on Valery Surkov's blog.

Шедей, Сергій Олександрович
Moskowski turnir, 1983
1st Prize

#2 11 + 9

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Aarne Armas Artturi Dunder (09-06-1914 - 27-01-1988) Finnish composer

Aarne Dunder
[© Hannu Harkola]

As a composer Aarne Dunder became known for his studies, but this is only a small part of his life´s work for chess. For example, Dunder edited chess columns for several decades, introducing several generations of Finns to chess composition.
Henry Tanner published an article about Dunder in Tehtäväniekka 2/2014.

Dunder, Aarne Armas Artturi
Helsingin Sanomat, 15 Oct 1933

#3 5 + 3

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