Saturday, May 12, 2012

May 11th

Emil Palkoska (11-05-1871 - 14-05-1955) Czech composer

Photograph from "Revista Romana de Sah", June 1928

Emil Palkoska was the author of more than 1200 problems in 3 or more moves in the Bohemian style and in the neo-Czech style.
He wrote with Alan C. White's Christmas Series "Schachprobleme Weiss: Dame und ein Läufer" (1911), "Idea a ekonomie v šachové úloze" in 1928 and "Idea a ekonomie v šachové úloze II" in 1947.
He was the editor of the problem column of the newspaper "Narodni Politika" during 38 years.

The two following problems have a feature in common:

Palkoska, Emil

In memoriam Dr. Jan Dobrusky

Časopis českých šachistů 1908

#6 7 + 6

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Palkoska, Emil
Tidskrift för Schack, 1921
1st Prize

#3 5 + 7

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Luděk Pachman (11-05-1924 - 06-03-2003) Czech-German composer and o.t.b GM

Ludek Pachman [Wikipedia]

Luděk Pachman was the Vladimir Pachman's younger brother and although he is much better known for his remarkable play on the board and his theoretical books, he also composed some studies and direct mates. This one is registered as being composed by him, and not by his brother, for Emil Palkoska's Jubilee Tourney:

Pachman, Luděk
Jubiläumsturnier E. Palkoskas, 1943
4th Prize

#3 5 + 6

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Hans-Peter Reich (11-05-1967) German composer

Hans-Peter Reich is a helpmate and fairy composer.
His problems can be seen on this page of his website.
He wrote with Hilmar Ebert and Jorg Kuhlmann the anthology "Minimalkunst im Schach":

He is also a contributor of the Problem Database. Here is an example of his Wenigsteiner:

Reich, Hans-Peter
Problemkiste, Feb 2002 (139/5557)

b) bKf3->e5
2 + 2

Functionary chess: a piece can move only if it is threatened.

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Johann Bernhard Michael Schneider (11-05-1905 - 23-12-1984) German composer and International Master

Michael Schneider
[Die Schwalbe Fragebogen 1960 page 142]

Michael Schneider discovered chess problems at the age of 15 and composed his first problem at 17. He composed mostly twomovers, but also three-movers, helpmates and selfmates.
In 1978 he published a short anthology of his problems "Eine kleine Auswahl eigener Schachaufgaben" of which two examples are shown on this Personalia page of die Schwalbe.
He became International Judge in 1965 and International Master in 1979.

Schneider, Johann Bernhard Michael
Die Schwalbe 1943
1st Prize

#3 8 + 10

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Osmo Ilmari Kaila (11-05-1916 - 03-06-1991) Finnish composer and FIDE Master

Osmo Kaila

Osmo Kaila
[Tehtäväniekka 2/2016]

Osmo Kaila was a successful o.t.b player, but he was also a composer and a journalist. He wrote about chess and chess problems for decades in two major newspapers. He was a prolific composer (1000 problems in all genres) and wrote many chess books. He was the president of the Finnish chess problem society during the period 1959-1970 and is considered by some as the most important figure in the history of Finnish problem chess.
To honour his centenary the Finnish chess problem society published a selection of Kaila's problems in the form of an e-book in 1916: read 'A Life Full of Squares' here.
He was International Judge, FIDE master for composing and International Master for o.t.b chess. He also published the first Finnish type crossword in 1955.

Kaila, Osmo Ilmari
Suomen Tehtäväniekat, 1965
1st Prize

h#3 with set play 2 + 3

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