Monday, January 16, 2012

January 17th

The menu is especially rich today: do not miss the problems by the last composer in this entry.
[Addendum 25th January: by the last two composers!]

Karel Peter Traxler (17-01-1866 - 15-05-1936) Czech composer and player... and Catholic priest

Karel Traxler [Wikipedia]

Let's quote ChessGames.com:
Karel Traxler "is famous for the Traxler Counterattack (also known as the Wilkes-Barre Variation) in the Two Knights (C57) : 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bc4 Nf6 4.Ng5 Bc5. This line was introduced in the famous game J. Reinisch vs Traxler, 1890."

Traxler, Karel Peter
Ces. spol. sach. 1895
2nd HM


#4 7 + 13

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Another typical Bohemian threemover, admired and quoted by Taverner in his "CHESS PROBLEMS MADE EASY - How to solve – How to compose":

Traxler, Karel Peter
Český spolek šachovní 1895
3rd Prize

#3  9 + 12

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110 problems by Kotrc and 137 by Traxler, with commentary in Czech and German, can be found in the anthology "Kotrč, Traxler: Šachové úlohy z let 1884-1910" which can be downloaded from here.
(Thank you, Vaclav!)



Valentin Marin y Llovet (17-01-1872 - 07-12-1936) Spanish composer and player

Valentin Marin y Llovet
[Escacultura]

Some of his chess games (one of them against J.R. Capablanca) can be found here.

Marín Y Llovet, Valentin
Good Companion, May 1924
3rd Prize


#3 7 + 9

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František Matoušek (17-01-1879 - 21-02-1956) Czech composer

Matoušek is of course a member of the Bohemian chess problem school. The problem below will prove it past all doubt.

Matoušek, František
Kvicala MT, 1940
1st Prize


#3 7 + 12

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For the amateur interested in the problems of Matoušek, V.Pachman has written an anthology of 100 threemovers "Problémový šach - Výběr 100 trojtahových úloh Fratiška Matouška" which can be downloaded online.
A picture of him and his obituary can be found on page 58 of "Československý šach 1956".
(Thank you, Vaclav!)



Жива Томић (17-01-1912 - 21-05-2010) Serbian composer (Ziva Tomic)


Živa Tomić & Branko Atanacković
[Thanks to Александр Никитин]









Let's start with a problem for solvers:

Томић, Жива
Srbija-Slovenija, 1956
2nd Place


#2 8 + 7

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Томић, Жива
339 Nedelski Dnevnik 15/09/1974
1st HM


h#22.5 9 + 12

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Михаил Назарович Марандюк (17-01-1949) Ukrainian composer and Grandmaster (Mikhail Nasarovitch Marandyuk)

Mikhail is an exceptionally gifted composer, multiple World Champion in chess composition in direct mate sections (threemovers, moremovers).

Mikhail Marandyuk at Jesi 2011 [Buktolerance.com]

Марандюк, Михаил Назарович
64, 2006 (105)
1st Prize


#6 8 + 14
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Марандюк, Михаил Назарович
2006 (Neue Zürcher Zeitung)
3rd Prize


#3 12 + 11
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Марандюк, Михаил Назарович
Problemist Ukraini, 2009
1st Prize


#5 12 + 11

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Лев Ильич Лошинский (17-01-1913 - 19.02.1976) Russian composer and Grandmaster (Lev Ilich Loshinsky)


Lev Ilich Loshinsky
[Thanks to Александр Никитин]







The reader can find a memory of Loshinsky's Piran congress in 1958 here.
In 1933 young Lev Loshinsky and A.Herbstmann helped Troitzky write his book about his studies. Lev Loshinsky was perhaps the greatest composers of threemovers. Do you have any doubt? Please have a look at the following problem:

Лошинский, Лев Ильич
Sverdlovsk Sports Committee, 1946
1st Prize

#3  10 + 8

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An example of Loshinsky magnet:

Лошинский, Лев Ильич
1 чемпионат СССР 1947
1st Place

#3  11 + 11

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Mark Alexander Ridley (17-01-1961) British composer


Mark Ridley


Mark Ridley is a British composer with a long experience in fairy chess. He collaborated with the fairy magazine Variant Chess. "T.R.Dawson - His Less Well Known Inventions" was one of his articles written in collaboration with George Jelliss and was published in Variant Chess 26. It can be read here (pages 123-126).
He published also a number of articles in the Problemist Supplement.
His Fairy Kings article, published as a first version in Variant Chess 1995 and as an updated version in Mat Plus Spring-Summer 2009, was dedicated to fairy conditions involving Kings. It attracted a lot of attention and the subsequent Fairy Kings tourney enjoyed a numerous participation. The Fairy Kings article can be read here.
Mark Ridley is also interested in the Valladao and Babson tasks.


Ridley, Mark
The Problemist 1986

r#2Circe RexInclusiv
Madrasi RexInclusiv
7 + 3

Some words of explanation might be needed. This is a reflexmate, meaning that White's aim is to have his King mated and that Black is obliged to mate White, if he has that possibility.
According to Circe Rex Inclusive condition, a captured unit (including the King) is reborn on its rebirth square after it is captured.
In Madrasi, units of the same kind and opposite colours can paralyse each other. In the position of the diagram, bBa7 and wBf2 are paralysed, as well as the pair bSc2-wSb4.
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2 comments:

  1. Please correct. Namely, Ziva Tomic died at 21st May 2010. You can see it in Bilten 40 in Serbian language
    http://www.milanvel.net/pub/Bilten_DPS_40_2011.pdf
    B.Djurasevic

    ReplyDelete
  2. Sorry for the mistake! I have corrected the post.

    ReplyDelete