Friday, February 24, 2012

February 24th

Georges Emile Barbier (24-02-1844 - 16-12-1895) French composer

Barbier became famous for the 1895 endgame study which was initially published as a draw study, until Rev. Saavedra found the winning promotion.

Saavedra, Fernando & Barbier, Georges Emile
Glasgow Weekly Citizen, 1895

+ 2 + 2
Show Solution

For a quick look at the history of this endgame, you may look at the Wikipedia webpage. For further details and a reproduction of Barbier's column in the Weekly Citizen, browse Tim Krabbé's website.

Consider solving the problem below, for the fun of it:

Barbier, Georges Emile
Brooklyn Standard Union 27/01/1894

-1 & #1 3 + 2
White retracts one moves and mates in one.
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Ralph Herbert Bridgewater (24-02-1874 - 12-1948) British composer

Bridgewater obtained a few prizes for some mutate twomovers, but we have not selected a mutate:

Bridgewater, Ralph Herbert
Daily News, 1926

#2* 11 + 5

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Liss Olof Karlsson (24-02-1896 - 11-01-1971) Swedish composer

Liss Olof Karlsson
[Thanks to Александр Никитин ]

Liss Olof Karlsson was a multivalent composer. You may pick any of this miniature twomover with Y-flight of the black King, of this helpmate in 3 with Allumwandlung, of this grotesque selfmate. The study below has a clear solution:

Karlsson, Liss Olof
Tidskrift för Schack, 1946 (67)
2nd Prize

+ 5 + 3

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Zoltán Zilahi (24-02-1903 - 10-05-1971) Hungarian composer

Zoltán Zilahi
[Kartothek L-Z page 103]

Zoltán Zilahi

Zilahi left a theme bearing his name: in each of two phases, the mating unit of one phase is captured in the other phase. The typical example is this problem.
The Zilahi theme has been thoroughly exploited in the helpmate genre ever since, but Zilahi composed many successful twomovers, such as this one:

Zilahi, Zoltán
Gavrilov MT, 1948
1st Prize

#2 9 + 11

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Aleksander Goldstein (24-02-1911 - 28-09-1988) Polish composer

Aleksander Goldstein composed in many genres with elegance. A typical example in three moves:

Goldstein, Aleksander
«64» 1940
3rd Prize

#3 8 + 4
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Rudolf Forsberg (24-02-1917 - ?) Swedish composer

Henry Olof Axel Forsberg was with the Forsberg twins. Rudolf also composed special problems such as this threemover:

Forsberg, Rudolf
Cheylan-50 JT, 1989

#3 12 + 11
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Юрий А. Павлов (24-02-1927 - 2001) Russian composer (Yuri A. Pavlov)

Павлов, Юрий А.
1st Place

#2 8 + 8

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Augusto Visintin (24-02-1952) Italian composer

Visintin, Augusto
Sinfonie Scacchistiche, 1965
3rd Prize, 1965-1967

h#22 solutions 5 + 6

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Эдуард Францевич Куделич (24-02-1954) Russian-Ukrainian composer (Eduard Frantsevich Kudelich)

Eduard Kudelich is an endgame study composer.

Куделич, Эдуард Францевич
Шахматная поэзия 2001 (1096)
2nd Honorable Mention

+ 4 + 5
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Александр Николаевич Мельничук (24-02-1958) Russian composer (Aleksandr Nikolaevich Melnichuk)

Aleksandr Melnichuk has composed mostly direct mates (#3 and #4).

Мельничук, Александр Николаевич
Кудесник 2006 (99/3061)
1st Prize, 8th TT

#4 4 + 2
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Zoran S. Gavrilovski (24-02-1968) Macedonian composer and Grandmaster

Zoran Gavrilovski is the editor of the "Macedonian Problemist". Some recent originals published in the MP can be found on this Italian problemists website. He is also the Synthetics sub-editor of "The Problemist".

Zoran Gavrilovski composes direct mates or helpmates with the same great talent.

Gavrilovski, Zoran S.
Variantim, 1994

h#2 6 + 14

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Alois Nichtawitz (24-02-1948) Austrian composer

Werner Schmoll (right) with Camillo Gamnitzer (left) and Alois Nichtawitz (center)
harmonie 132 - 2016

Alois Nichtawitz composes direct mates. His self-portrait in German can be found on this Austrian problem site as well as 15 of his problems.

Nichtawitz, Alois
Schach-Aktiv (/3792) 2011-04

#3 7 + 7

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