Monday, February 20, 2012

February 20th

Herman Leonard Jonsson (20-02-1860 - 31-12-1936) Swedish composer

"Problem" September 1969
[Thanks to Александр Никитин ]

Herman L. Jonsson mostly composed orthodox direct mates. This one is definitely not too easy to solve:

Jonsson, Herman Leonard
Jamaica Gleaner, 1885
1st Prize

#2 12 + 8

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Frédéric (Fred) Lazard (20-02-1883 - 18-11-1948) French composer

Fred Lazard [Wikipedia]

Lazard published in 1929 a selection of his problems under the title "Mes problèmes et études". For biographical details and other information, please have a look at this French site: HERITAGE des ECHECS FRANCAIS. The problem below is famous:

Lazard, Frédéric
La Tribune de Genève, 1926

#2* 6 + 7
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Rudolf Svoboda (20-02-1885 - 02-11-1948) Czech composer

Svoboda was also a chess player, but as far as problems are concerned he was especially prolific in the heterodox genre and particularly selfmates. He wrote a book titled "Výběr 100 šachových úloh" (Selection of 100 chess problems)

Svoboda, Rudolf
Limburgsch Dagblad, 1938
1st Prize

s#3 12 + 6

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Virgilio Fenoglio (20-02-1902 - 1990) Argentinian composer

Fenoglio, Virgilio
Ajedrez Mágico, May 1970 (16/582)

h#22 solutions
3 + 2

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Albert Dietrich (20-02-1908 - ?) German composer

This Albert Dietrich is the homonym of the music composer and director Albert Dietrich, who died in 1908. Our Dietrich published direct mates in the magazine "Freie Presse". Most of them are classical constructions such as this one:

Dietrich, Albert
Freie Presse, 11th Sep 1981

#2 12 + 8

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Marijan Dumić (20-02-1908 - 26-04-1978) Croatian composer

Dumić, Marijan
(7) problem 91-94 04/1964
1st Prize
Solve the position ! 13 + 14
a) White to Move
b) Black to Move

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Лев Алексеевич Кайев (20-02-1913 - 31-03-1942) Russian composer (Lev Alekseyevich Kayev)

Lev Kayev surrounded by players from Sterlitamak
[Sterlitamak city museum; article by Viktor Nazarov]

Lev Kayev composed over 100 studies that can be solved with pleasure and understood easily. Which does not mean that they were simplistic:

Кайев, Лев Алексеевич
«64» 1932 (579)
3rd Prize

+ 5 + 5

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Pedro Dalla Rosa (20-02-1914 - 19-12-1981) Brazilian composer

Dalla Rosa is the second South-American composer for today! Interested in helpmates, he was awarded mostly for his efforts together with Oswaldo Faria.

Faria, Oswaldo & Dalla Rosa, Pedro
Israel Problem Association, 1961
1st Prize

h#2SetPlay 7 + 7

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Євген С. Самотугов (20-02-1924) Ukrainian composer (Evghen S. Samotugov)

Samotugov is a very pleasant surprise, since some of his works are really successful.

Самотугов, Євген С.
Ukrainskogo-Turnier, 1955
1st Place

#3 9 + 9

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Великий, Микола Мойсейович & Самотугов, Євген С.
Probleemblad, 1957
3rd Prize

#2* 9 + 6
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Великий, Микола Мойсейович & Самотугов, Євген С.
The Problemist, 2000
2nd Prize

#3 9 + 15

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Emil Vlasák (20-02-1956) Czech composer

This study is one of the most approachable by Emil Vlasak:

Vlasák, Emil
Hlinka JT 50, 2003
4th Honorable Mention

+ 5 + 3

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Piotr Murdzia (20-02-1975) Polish solver and composer

Piotr Murdzia [Wikipedia]

Piotr Murdzia was the multiple World Champion in Solving, until this year when his fellow countryman and pupil Kacper Piorun convincingly won the 2011 WCSC.

But let's not forget that Piotr Murdzia, beside training his solving teammates, also knows how to compose chess problems:

Murdzia, Piotr
Probleemblad, 1998
1st Prize

h#2** 11 + 12

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Cornel Păcurar (20-02-1965) Romanian-Canadian composer

Cornel Păcurar

Cornel is a perfectionist composer mostly interested in fairy, series and retro problems and also webmaster of the site which he competently manages.

Let's mention two problems of his, one for each period of his life.
The Romanian period:

Păcurar, Cornel
Revista Română de Şah 2/3, 1991
Prize, Revista Română de Şah 1990-1992

h#32.1.1... 4 + 2

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The Canadian period:

Păcurar, Cornel
Mat Plus, 2010 (39-40/1749)
g8, g7, e6, f6: Neutral Pawn
1 + 1 + 4
Definition of Parry Series on Cornel's website.

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